The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is an international treaty. It was developed in the aftermath of the Second World War and the Holocaust and was conceived as an “early warning system” to prevent European states from sinking into totalitarianism and tyranny.
The European Convention on Human Rights is an international treaty under which Council of Europe member states guarantee fundamental civil and political rights, not only to their nationals, but also to all persons under their jurisdiction. Signed on 4 November 1950 in Rome, the Convention came into force in 1953.
In short, the ECHR and its Protocols:
– set out the fundamental rights and freedoms that the 47 member states of the Council of Europe must guarantee to anyone under their jurisdiction,
– and establishes a system of judicial review – the European Court of Human Rights – that can hold states that violate human rights to account. The rights and freedoms guaranteed b